S E T - A P A R T  T O  Y H U H

    This  is  the  Way,  walk  in  it         

 

One law is for you of the assembly and the stranger who sojourns with you - a law forever throughout your generations. As you are, so is the stranger before  יהוה. One Torah and one right-ruling is for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you.

Bemidbar - Numbers  15: 15-16

 

The Torot


A listing of the Laws of Yahuah as they were understood by the Tanak 

(Old Testament) Hebrews, and the Hebrew people of the present day.

The Torah

Torah  basically means "to teach or to instruct". It infers to either human instruction or Divine instruction. Through the Law, Yahuah shows His interest in all aspects of man's life. Motivated by love, Yahuah instructs His people in the ways of Wisdom and knowledge. Since Yahuah's Law is given for our good, its regulations, both negative and positive are for our protection and prosperity. Yahuah's Law supersedes all other laws. 



 יהוה (YAHUAH)

1. I am Yahuah your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery. (Shemoth-Ex. 20:2; Deut. 5:6) 

2. You have no other mighty ones against My Face. (Debarim-Ex. 20:3) 

3. And he who blasphemes the Name of Yahuah shall certainly be put to death, and all the congregation certainly stone him, the stranger as well as the native. When he blasphemes the Name, he is put to death. (Wayyiqra-Lev 24:16)

4. And do not profane My set-apart Name, and I shall be set-apart among the children of Yisra’ el. I am Yahuah, who sets you apart (Wayyiqra-Lev. 22:32) 

5. Hear, O Yisra ‘el: Yahuah our Elohim, Yahuah is one (Debarim-Deut. 6:4) 

6. And you shall love Yahuah your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your might. (Debarim-Deut. 6:5) 

7. Fear Yahuah your Elohim and serve Him and swear by His Name (Debarim-Deut. 6:13; 10:20) 
 
8. Do not try Yahuah your Elohim as you tried Him in Massah (Debarim-Deut. 6:16) 

9. Yahuah does establish you as a set-apart people to Himself, as He has sworn to you, if you guard the commands of Yahuah your Elohim and walk in His Ways. (Debarim-Deut. 28:9) 

The Law

10. Rise up before the grey-headed. And you shall favour the face of an old man, and shall fear your Elohim. I am Yahuah (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:32) 

11. And you shall impress them (commands) upon your children, and shall speak of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up. (Debarim-Deut. 6:7) 

12. Fear Yahuah your Elohim. Serve Him, and cling to Him, and swear by His Name. (Debarim-Deut. 10:20) 

13. All the words I am commanding you, guard to do it – do not add to it nor take away from it. (Debarim-Deut.12:32)
  
14. And now write down this song for yourselves, and teach it to the children of Yisra ’el. Put in their mouths so that this song is to Me for a witness against the children of Yisra ‘el (Debarim-Deut. 31:19) 

Signs and Symbols

15. And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin is circumcised (Wayyiqra-Lev. 12:3; Bereshith-Gen. 17:12 )

16. Speak to the children of Yisra ‘el, and you shall say to them to make tzitzit on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a blue cord in the tzitzit of the corners. (Bemidbar-Num. 15:38)

17. and shall bind them (Yahuah’s Word) as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. (Debarim-Deut. 6:8) 

18. And you shall write them on the door posts of your house and on your gates. (Debarim-Deut. 6:9) 

Prayer & Blessing

19. And you shall serve Yahuah your Elohim, and He shall bless your bread and your water. And I shall remove sickness from your midst. (Shemoth-Ex. 23:25; Deut. 6:13) 

20. And these Words which I am commanding you today shall be in your heart, and you shall impress them upon your children, and shall speak of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise (Debarim-Deut. 6:7) 

21. And you shall eat and be satified, and shall bless Yahuah your Elohim for the good land which He has given you. (To recite grace after meals) (Debarim-Deut. 8:10) 

22. Do not make idols for yourselves, and do not set up a carved image or a pillar for yourselves, and do not place a stone image in your land, to bow down to it. For I am Yahuah your Elohim. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 26:1) 

Love & Brotherhood

23. Do not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the children of your people. And you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am Yahuah (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:18)

24. Do not stand against the blood of your neighbor (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:16)

25. And do not oppress one another, but you shall fear your Elohim. For I am Yahuah your Elohim (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:17) 

26. Do not go slandering among your people (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:16) 

27. Do not hate your brother in your heart. Reprove your neighbour, for certain, and bear no sin because of him. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:17) 

28. Do not take vengeance (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:18) 

29. or bear a grudge against the children of your people. And you shall love your neighbour as yourself. I am Yahuah (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:18) 

30. Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling-block before the blind, but fear your Elohim. I am Yahuah (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:14) 

31. When you see the donkey of him who hates you lying under its burden, you shall refrain from leaving it to him, you shall certainly help him. (Shemoth-Ex. 23:5) 

32. When you see your brother’s donkey or his ox fall down on the way, you shall not hide yourself from them. Help him raise them without fail.(Debarim-Deut.22:4) 



The Poor & Unfortunate

33. Do not tread down a sojourner or oppress him, for you were soujourners in the land of Mitsrayim. (Shemoth-Ex. 22:21


34. And when you reap the harvest of your land, do not completely reap the corners of your field when you reap, and do not gather any gleaning from your harvest. Leave them for the poor and for the stranger. I am Yahuah your Elohim. (Wayyiqra- Lev. 23:22


35. And do not glean your vineyard or gather every grape of your vineyard, leave them for the poor and the stranger, I am Yahuah your Elohim Not to gather ol'loth (the imperfect clusters) of the vineyard (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:10

36.When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, do not glean behind you. Let it be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow (Debarim-Deut. 24:21


37. When you reap your harvest in your field, and have forgotten a sheaf in the field, do not go back to get it. Let it be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow, so that Yahuah your Elohim might bless you in all the work of your hands. (Debarim-Deut. 24:19)


38. When you beat your olive trees, do not examine the branch behind you. Let it be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow (Debarim-Deut. 24:20

39. When there is a poor man with you, one of your brothers, within any of the gates in your land which Yahuah your Elohim is giving you, do not harden your heart nor shut your hand from your poor brother (Debarim-Deut. 15:7

40. Because the poor one does not cease from the land. Therefore I am commanding you, saying, You shall certainly open your hand to your brother, to your poor and to your needy one, in your land. (Debarim-Deut. 15:11)

Treatment of the Stranger (Gentiles)

41. And you shall love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Mitsrayim. (Debarim-Deut. 10:19). 

42. He who slaughters to an elohim, except Yahuah only, is put under the ban (Shemoth-Ex. 22:20

43. Do not tread down a sojourner or oppress him, for you were sojourners in the land of Mitsrayim. (Shemoth-Ex. 22:21)

44. And do not intermarry with them – you do not give your daughters to his son, and you do not take his daughter for your son (Debarim-Deut. 7:3

45. Of a foreigner you could require it, but your hand is to release whatever is owed by your brother. (Debarim-Deut. 15:3

46. To a foreigner you lend at interest, but to your brother you do not lend at interest, so that Yahuah your Elohim might bless you in all that you put your hand to in the land which you are entering to possess. (Debarim-Deut. 23:20

Marriage, Divorce and Family

47.Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which Yahuah your Elohim is giving you. (Shemoth-Ex. 20:12

48. And he who srikes his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death (Shemoth-Ex. 21:15

49. And he who curses his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death. (Shemoth-Ex. 21:17

50.Each one of you should fear his mother and his father, and guard my Sabbaths. I am Yahuah your Elohim (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:3

51. And Elohim blessed them, and Elohim said to them, Be fruitful and increase, and fill the earth and subdue it, and rule over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heavens and over all creeping creatures on the earth. (Bereshith-Gen. 1:28

52. A mamzer* shall not enter the community of Yahuah, even a tenth generation of his shall not enter the community of Yahuah. (Debarim-Deut. 23:2)
*Mamzer (Hebrew)-Born from prohibited union


53. He who is wounded by crushing of testicles or whose penis is cut off, shall not enter into the community of Yahuah (Debarim-Deut.23:1

54. An Ammonite or Mo’ abite shall not enter the assembly of Yahuah, even a tenth generation of them shall not ever enter the assembly of Yahuah  (Debarim-Deut. 23:3

55. Do not loathe an Edomite, for he is your brother. Do not loathe a Mitsrian, because you were a stranger in his land. The children of the third generationborn to them do enter the assembly of Yahuah. (Debarim-Deut. 23:7-8

56. None of the daughters of Yisra ‘el is to be a cult prostitute, nor any of the sons of Yisra ‘el be a cult prostitute (Debarim-Deut 23:17)


57.Do not bring the harlot-fee of a whore or the pay of a dog (male prostitute) to the house of Yahuah your Elohim for any vowed offering, for both of these are an abomination to Yahuah your Elohim. (Debarim-Deut.23:18

58. When a man takes a wife and shall marry her, then it shall be, if she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found a matter of uncoveredness* in her, and he shall write her a certificate of divorce, and put it in her hand, and send her out of his house, 2. and if she left his house and went and became another man’s wife, 3. and the latter husband shall hate her and write her a certificate of divorce, and put it in her hand, and send her out of his house, or when the latter husband dies who took her to be his wife, 4. then her former husband who sent her away is not allowed to take her back to be his wife after she has been defiled, for that would be an abomination before Yahuah. (Debarim-Deut.24:1-4

*Uncoveredness - Proof that she is not a maiden, indicating that she had previously been fornicating.

59.When a man has taken a new wife, let him not go out into the army nor let any matter be imposed upon him. He shall be exempt one year for the sake of his home, to rejoice with his wife whom he has taken. (Debarim-Deut. 24:5

60.If he takes another wife, her food, her covering, and her marriage rights are not to be diminished. And if he does not do these three for her, then she shall go out for naught, without silver. (Shemoth-Ex. 21:10-11

61. Or when a spirit of jealousy comes upon a man, and he becomes jealous of his wife. Then he shall make the woman stand before Yahuah, and the priest shall do to her all this torah. (Bemidbar-Num. 5:30

62. When any man takes a wife, and shall go in to her, and shall hate her, 14. and shall make abusive charges against her and bring an evil name on her and say, 15. I took this woman, and when I came to her I did not find her a maiden, 16. then the father and mother of the young woman shall take and bring out the proof of the girl’s maidenhood to the elders of the city at the gate. 17. And the girl’s father shall say to the elders, I gave my daughter to this man as a wife, and he hates her. 18. And see, he has made abusive charges against her, saying, “I did not find your daughter a maiden,” and yet these are the proofs of my daughter’s maidenhood. And they shall spread the garment before the elders of the city. 19. And the elders of that city shall take that man and punish him, and fine him one hundred pieces of silver and give them to the father of the younf woman, because he has brought an evil name on a maiden of Yisra ‘el. And she is to be his wife, he is not allowed to put her away all his days. (Debarim-Deut. 22:13-19


63. When brothers dwell together, and one of them has died, and has no son, the widow of the dead man shall not become a stranger’s outside. Her husband’s brother does go in to her, and shall take her as his wife, and perform the duty of a husband’s brother to her. 6. And it shall be that the first-born son which bears does rise up for the name of his dead brother, so that his name is not blotted out of Yisra ‘el. 7. But if the man does not desire to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go up to the gates of the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuses to raise up a name to his brother in Yisra ‘el, he does not agree to perform the duty of my husband’s brother. 8. The elders of his city shall then call him and speak to him, and he shall stand and say, I have no desire to take her, 9. then his brother’s wife shall come to him in the presence of the elders, and remove his sandal from his foot, and shall spit in his face, and answer and say, Thus it is done to the man who does not build up his brother’s house. 10. And in Yisra’ el his name shall be called, The house of him who had his sandal removed. (Debarim-Deut. 25:5-10)  

Forbidden Sexual Relations

64. No one is to approach anyone of his own flesh to uncover his nakedness. I am Yahuah. (Wayyiqra-Lev.18:6

65.The nakedness of your father or the nakedness of your mother you do not uncover. She is your mother, you do not uncover her nakedness. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:7

66.The nakedness of your father’s wife you do not uncover, it is your father’s nakedness. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:8)

67. The nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father, or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home or elsewhere, their nakedness you do not uncover. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:9

68. The nakedness of your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter, their nakedness you do not uncover, for theirs is your own nakedness (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:10)

69. The nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, brought forth by your father, she is your sister, you do not uncover her nakedness. (Wayyiqra-Lev 18:11)

70. The nakedness of your father’s sister you do not uncover, she is your father’s flesh. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:12)

71.The nakedness of your mother’s sister you do not uncover, for she is your mother’s flesh. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:13)

72. The nakedness of your father’s brother you do not uncover, you do not approach his wife, she is your aunt. (Wayyiqra-Lev.18:14)

73. The nakedness of your daughter-in-law you do not uncover, she is your son’s wife, you do not uncover her nakedness. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:15)

74. The nakedness of your brother’s wife you do not uncover, it is your brother’s nakedness. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:16)

75. The nakedness of a woman and her daughter you do not uncover, nor do you take her son’s daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness. They are her relatives – it is wickedness. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:17)

76. And do not take a woman as a rival to her sister, to uncover her nakedness while the other is alive. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:18)

77. And do not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness in her monthly separation of uncleanness. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:19

78. An do not have intercourse with the wife of your neighbour, to defile yourself with her. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:20)

79. And do not lie with a male as with a woman, it is an abomination. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:22

80. And do not have intercourse with any beast, to defile yourself with it. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 18:23

81. And a woman does not stand before a beast to mate with it, it is a perversion. (Wayyiqra-Lev.18:23)

82. Do not bring to Yahuah what is bruised or crushed, or torn or cut, nor do it in your land. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 22:24

Clothing Apparel

83. And do not put a garment woven of two sorts of thread upon you.  (Wayyiqra-Lev 19:19)

   

84. Do not put on a garment of different kinds, of wool and linen together. (Debarim-Deut 22:11)         


85. A woman does not wear that which pertains to a man, nor does a man put on a woman's garment, for whosoever does this is an abomination to  יהוה your Elohim (Debarim-Deut 22:5)      


86. And   יהוה  spoke to Mosheh, saying, Speak to the children of Yisra' el, and you shall say to them to make Tzitzit on the four corners of their garments throughout their generations,and to put a blue cord in the tzitzit of the corners. And it shall be to you for a tzitzit and you shall see it, and shall remember all the commands of  יהוה and shall do them, and not search after your own heart and your own eyes after which you went whoring, so that you remember all my commands, and be set-apart unto your Elohim. (Bemidbar-Num 15:37-40)


Ceremonial Laws Regulating Diet

Elohim was concerned about the health of His people and wanted them to avoid certain contagion and parasitic diseases. So He laid down some guidelines perfectly in accord with modern science. 

The other cultures of that day based such classifications on magical formulas,  while Elohim simply indicated which animals were good to eat and which were not.

Clean Foods

87. Whatever has a split hoof completely divided, chewing the cud, among the beasts, that you do eat. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:3)

88. These you do eat of all that are in the waters: any one that has fins and scaled in the waters, in the seas or in the rivers, that you do eat.  (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:9)

89. Only, these you do eat of every flying insect that creeps on all fours: those which have jointed legs above their feet with which to leap on the earth.  (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:21)

90. These of them you do eat: the arbeh-locust after its kind, and the solam-locust after its kind, and the hargol-locust after its kind, and the hagab-locust after its kind. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:22)


Unclean Foods

91. Only, these you do not eat among those that chew the cud or those that have a split hoof: the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have a split hoof, it is unclean to you; (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:4)

92. and the rabbit, because it chews the cud but does not have a split hoof, it is unclean to you; (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:5)

93. and the hare, because it chews the cud but does not have a split hoof, it is unclean to you; (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:6)

94. and the pig, though it has a split hoof, completely divided, yet does not chew the cud, it is unclean to you. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:7)

95. Their flesh you do not eat, and their carcasses you do not touch. They are unclean to you  (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:8)

96. Every beast that has a split hoof not completely divided, or does not chew the cud, is unclean to you. Anyone who touches their carcass in unclean. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:26)

97. And whatever goes on its paws, among all the creatures that go on all fours, those are unclean to you. Anyone who touches their  carcass is unclean until evening, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:27)

98. And when any of the beasts which are yours for food dies, he who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:39)


99. But all that have not fins and scaled in the seas and in the rivers, all that move in the waters or any living being which is in the waters, they are an abomination to you. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:10)

100. They are an abomination to you - of their flesh you do not eat, and their carcasses you abominate. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:11)

101. All that have not fins or scales in the waters are an abomination to you. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:12)

102. And these you do abominate among the birds, they are not eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the vulture, and the black vulture, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:13)

103. and the hawk, and the falcon after its kind, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:14)

104. every raven after its kind, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:15)

105. and the ostrich, and the nighthawk, and the seagull, and the hawk after its kind, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:16)

106. and the little owl, and the fisher owl, and the great owl, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:17)

107. and the white owl, and the pelican, and the carrion vulture, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:18)

108. and the stork, the heron after its kind, and the hoopoe, and the bat. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:19)

109. All flying insects that creep on all fours is an abomination to you.  (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:20)

110. And every swarming creature - the one that swarms on the earth is an abomination, it is not eaten. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:41)

111. Whatever crawls on its stomach, and whatever goes on all fours, and whatever has many feet among all swarming  creatures - the ones swarming on the earth, these you do not eat, for they are an abomination. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:42)

112. And these are unclean to you among the creeping creatures that creep on the earth: the mole, and the mouse, and the tortoise after its kind, (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:29)

113. and the gecko, and the land crocodile, and the sand reptile, and the sand lizard, and the chameleon. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:30)

114. These are unclean to you among all that creep. (Wayyiqra-Lev 11:31)

Times and Seasons 

115. This new moon is the beginning of new moons for you, it is the first new moon of the year for you. (Shemoth-Ex. 12:2

116.See, because Yahuah has given you the Sabbath, therefore He is giving you bread for two days on the sixth day. Let each one stay in his place, do not let anyone go out of his place on the seventh day. 
(Shemoth-Ex. 16:29

117. Remember the Sabbath day, to set it apart (Shemoth-Ex. 20:8

118. But the seventh day is a Sabbath of Yahuah. You do not do any work-you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. (Shemoth-Ex. 20:10

119. Six days you are to do work, and on the seventh day you rest, in order that your ox and your donkey might rest, and the son of your female servant and the sojourner be refreshed (Shemoth-Ex. 23:12; 34:21

120.Three times in the year you are to celebrate a festival to Me.  (Shemoth-Ex.23:14

121. And you shall rejoice in your festival, you and your son and your daughter, and your male servant and your female servant, and the Lewite, and the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are within your gates. (Debarim-Deut. 16:14

122. Three times a year all your males appear before Yahuah your Elohim in the place which He chooses: at the Festival of Shabu ‘ot, and at the Festival of Sukkot. And none should appear before Yahuah empty-handed, but each one with the gift of his hand according to the blessing of Yahuah your Elohim which He has given you. (Debarim-Deut. 16:16-17)

123. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. Indeed on the first day you cause leaven to cease from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that being shall be cut off from Yisra ‘el. (Shemoth-Ex. 12:15)

124. And on the first day is a set-apart gathering, and on the the seventh day you have a set-apart gathering. (Shemoth-Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:7)

125. No work at all is done on them, only that which is eaten by every being, that alone is prepared by you. (Shemoth-Ex. 12:16; Lev.23:6-7)
  
126. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the new moon in the evening. (Shemoth-Ex. 12:18)

127. For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, that same being shall be cut off from the congregation of Yisra’el, whether sojourner or native of the land. (Shemoth-Ex. 12:19

128. Do not eat that which is leavened – in all your dwellings you are to eat unleavened bread. (On Passover / Pesah) (Shemoth-Ex.12:20

129. And Mosheh said to the people, “Remember this day in which you went out of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery. For by strength of the hand of Yahuah brought you out of this place, and whaever is leavened shall not be eaten. (Passover / Pesah) (Shemoth-Ex. 13:3

130. Unleavened bread is to be eaten the seven days, and whatever is leavened is not to be seen with you, and leaven is not to be seen with you within your border. (Passover / Pesah) (Shemoth-Ex. 13:7

131. And you shall inform your son in that day, saying, It is because of what Yahuah did for me when I came up from Mitsrayim. (To discuss the departure from Mitsrayim on the first night of Passover) (Shemoth-Ex. 13:8

132. Eat no leavened bread with it. For seven days you eat unleavened bread with it, bread of affliction, because you came out of the land of Mitsrayim in haste - so that you remember the day in which you came out of the land of Mitsrayim, all the days of your life. (Debarim-Deut. 16:3

133. And from the morrow after the Sabbath from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, you shall count for yourselves: seven completed Sabbaths. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:15)

134. And on this same day you shall proclaim a set-apart gathering for yourselves, you do no servile work on it – a law forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:21

135. Speak to the children of Yisra ‘el, saying, In the seventh new moon, on the first day of the new moon, you have a rest, a remembrance of Teru ‘ah, a set-apart gathering. Yo do no servile work, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. [i.e the feast of Trumpets] (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:24-25)

136. And in the seventh new moon, on the first day of the new moon, you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work, it is Yom Teru ‘ah for you. [Heb. shofar or ram's horn]  (Bemidbar-Num.29:1

137. On the tenth day of this seventh new moon is Yom haKippurim. It shall be a set-apart gathering for you. And you shall afflict your beings, and shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. (To fast on Yom Kippur i.e the day of Atonement) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:27

138. For any being who is not afflicted on the same day, he shall be cut off from his people. (Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:29)

139. You do no work – a law forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. (Not to do work on Yom haKippurim (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:31)

140. It is a Sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your beings. On the ninth day of the new moon at evening, from evening to evening, you observe your Sabbath. (To rest on the Yom haKippurim) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:32

141. And Yahuah, spoke to Mosheh, saying, 34 Speak to the children of Yisra ‘el, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh new moon is the Festival of Sukkot for seven days to Yahuah. 35 On the First day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. (To rest on the first day of the feast of Tabernacles or Booths.[Heb. Sukkot] (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:33-35

142. For seven days you bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. On the eighth day there shall be a set-apart gathering for you, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. It is a closing festival, you do no servile work. (To rest on the eighth day of the feast of Tabernacles) (Wayyiqra-Lev.23:36

143. And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of good trees, branches of palm trees, twigs of leafy trees, and willows of the stream, and shall rejoice before Yahuah your Elohim for seven days. And you shall celebrate it as a festival to Yahuah for seven days in the year – a law forever in your generations. Celebrate it in the seventh new moon. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:40-41

144. Dwell in booths for seven days; all who are native born in Yisra ‘el dwell in booths, so that your generations know that I made the children of Yisra ‘el dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Mitsrayim. I am Yahuah your Elohim. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 23:42-43)

Business Practices

145. And when you sell whatever to your neighbor or buy from the hand of your neighbour, do not exploit one another. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:14

146. And when your brother becomes poor, and his hand has failed with you, then you shall strengthen him, and he shall live with you, like a stranger or a sojourner. Take no interest from him, or profit, but you shall fear your Elohim, and your brother shall live with you. Do not lend him your silver on interest, and do not lend him your food for profit (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:35-37)

147. To a foreigner you lend at interest, but to your brother you do not lend at interest, so that Yahuah your Elohim might bless you in all that you put your hand to in the land which you are enetering to possess. (Debarim-Deut. 23:20)


148. Do not tread down a sojourner or oppress him, for you were sojourners in the land of Mitsrayim. Do not afflict any widow or fatherless child. If you do afflict them at all – if they cry out to Me at all, I shall certainly hear their cry, and my wrath shall burn and I shall kill you with the sword, your wives shall be widows and your children fatherless. (Shemoth-Ex. 22:21-24

149. If you do lend silver to any of My People, the poor among you, you are not to be like one that lends interest to him. Do not lay interest on him. (Shemoth-Ex.22:25)


150. If you take your neighbor’s garment as a pledge at all, you are to return it to him before the sun goes down. For this is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin. What does he sleep in? And it shall be that when he cries to Me, I shall hear, for I show favour (Shemoth-Ex. 22:26-27

151. No one takes in pledge the lower or the upper millstone, for he would be taking a life in pledge. (Debarim-Deut.24:6)
 
152.When you lend your brother a loan, do not go into his house to get his pledge. Stand outside, and let the man to whom you lend bring the pledge out to you. (ie: Not to exact a pledge from a debtor by force) (Debarim-Deut. 24:10-11)

153. And if the man is poor, do not sleep with his pledge. (ie: Not to keep the pledge from its owner at the time when he needs it) (Debarim-Deut. 24:12

154. By all means return the pledge to him at sundown, and he shall sleep in his own garment, and shall bless you. And it shall be righteousness to you before Yahuah your Elohim. (To return a pledge to its owner) (Debarim-Deut. 24:13

155. Do not twist the right-ruling of a stranger or the fatherless, nor take the garment of a widow. (Not to take a pledge from a widow) (Debarim-Deut. 24:17)

156. Do no unrighteousness in right-ruling, in measurement of length, in weight, or in measuring liquids. (Not to commit fraud in measuring) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:35)

157. Have right scales, right weights, a right ephah, and a right hin. I am Yahuah your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim. (To ensure that scales and weights are correct) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:36)

158. You shall not have in your bag different weights, a heavy and a light. You shall not have in your house differing measures, a large and a small. (Not to possess inaccurate measures and weights) (Debarim-Deut.25:13-14

Employees, Servants and Slaves 

159. Do not oppress your neighbor or rob him. The wages of him who is hired is not to remain with you all night until morning. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:13)

160. When you come into your neighbour’s vineyard, you shall eat to the satisfaction of your desire, but do not put any in a receptacles of yours. When you come into your neighbour’s standing grain, you shall pluck the heads with your hand, but do not use a sickle on your neighbour’s standing grain. (Debarim-Deut. 23:24-25

161. Give him his wages on the same day, and do not let the sun go down on it, for he is poor and lifts up his being to it, so that he does not cry out against you to Yahuah, and it shall be sin in you. (Debarim-Deut. 24:15)

162. When you buy a Hebrew servant, he serves six years, and in the seventh he goes out for free, for naught. If he comes by himself, he goes out by himself; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him. If a master has given him a wife, and she has borne him sons or daughters, the wife and children are her master’s, and he goes out by himself. And if the servant truly says, I love my master, my wife, and my children, let me not go out free, then his master shall bring him before Elohim, and shall bring him to the door, or to the doorpost, and his master shall pierce his ear with an awl. And he shall serve him forever. (Shemoth-Ex 21:2-6)

163. And when your brother who dwells by you become poor, and sells himself to you, do not make him serve as a slave. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:39

164. For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim, they are not sold as slaves. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:42

165. Do not rule over him with harshness, but you shall fear your Elohim. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:43)

166. He is with him as a yearly hired servant, and he does not rule with harshness over him before your eyes. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:53

167. And when you send him away free from you, let him noy go away empty-handed. (Debarim-Deut. 15:13

168. You shall richly supply him from your flock, and from your threshing-floor, and from your wine press. With that which Yahuah has blessed you with, give to him. (Debarim-Deut. 15:14

169. If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master who has engaged her to himself, then he shall let her be ransomed. He shall have no authority to sell her to a foreign people, because of him deceiving her. (Shemoth-Ex. 21:8

170. If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master who has engaged her to himself, then he shall let her be ransomed. He shall have no authority to sell her to a foreign people, because of him deceiving her. And if he has engaged her to his son, he is to do to her as is the right of daughters. (Shemoth-Ex. 21:8-9

171. And you shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, yo inherit them as a possession, they are your slaves for all time. But over your brothers, the children of Yisra’ el, you do not rule with harshness, one over another. (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:46)

172. Let him dwell with you in your midst, in the place which he chooses within one of your gates, where it is pleasing to him. Do not oppress him. (Debarim-Deut. 23:16
 
173. None of your daughters of Yisra’ el is to be a cult prostitute, nor any of the sons of Yisra’ el be a cult prostitute. (Debarim-Deut. 23:17

174. Do not muzzle an ox while it is threshing. (Debarim-Deut. 25:4)

Vows, Oaths and Swearing

175. That which has gone from your lips you shall guard and do, for you voluntarily vowed to Yahuah your Elohim what you have promised with your mouth. (Debarim-Deut. 23:23)


176. You do not bring the Name of Yahuah your Elohim to naught, for Yahuah does not leave the one unpunished who brings His Name to naught. (Not to swear needlessly) (Shemoth-Ex. 20:7

177. And do not swear falsely by My Name and so profane the Name of your Elohim. I am Yahuah. (Not to violate an oath or swear falsely) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:12

178. When a man vows a vow to Yahuah, or swears an oath to bind himself by some agreement, he does not break his word, he does according to all that comes out of his mouth. Or if a woman vows a vow to Yahuah, and binds herself by some agreement while in her father’s house in her youth, and her father hears her vow and the agreement by which she has bound herself. And her father has kept silent toward her, then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement with which she has bound herself stands. But if her father forbids her on the day that he hears, then none of her vows nor ner agreements by which she has bound herself stand. And Yahuah pardons her, because her father has forbidden her. But if she at all belongs to a husband, while bound by her vows or by a rash utterance from her lips by which she bound herself, and her husband hears it, and he has kept silent toward her on the day that he hears, then her vows shall stand, and her agreements by which she bound herself do stand. But if her husband forbids her on the day that he hears it, then he has nullified her vow which she vowed, and the rash utterance of her lips by which she bound herself, and Yahuah pardons her. But any vow of a widow or a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, stands against her. And if she vowed in her husband’s house, or bound herself by an agreement with an oath, and her husband heard it, and has kept silent towards her and did not forbid her, then all her vows shall stand, and every agreement by which she bound herself stands. But if her husband clearly nullified them on the day he heard them, then whatever came from her lips concerning her vows or concerning the agreement binding her, it does not stand – her husband has nullified them, and Yahuah pardons her. Every vow and every binding oath to afflict her being, let her husband confirm it, or let her husband nullify it. But if her husband is all together silent at her from day to day, then he confirms all her vows or all her agreements that bind her – he confirms them, because he kept silent towards her on the day that he heard. But if he nullifies them after he has heard, then he shall bear her crookedness. These are the laws which Yahuah commanded Mosheh, between a man and his wife, and between a father and his daughter in her youth in her father’s house. (To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Torah) (Bemidbar-Num. 30:2-16
 
179. When a man vows a vow to Yahuah, or swears an oath to bind himself by some agreement, he does not break his word, he does according to all that comes out of his mouth. (Not to break a vow) (Bemidbar-Num. 30:2

180. Fear Yahuah your Elohim. Serve Him, and cling to Him, and swear by His Name. (To swear by His name truly) (Debarim-Deut. 10:20

181. When you make a vow to Yahuah your Elohim, do not delay to pay it, for Yahuah your Elohim is certainly requiring it of you, and it shall be sin in you. (Not to delay in fulfilling vows or bringing vowed or free-will offerings) (Debarim-Deut. 23:22

The Sabbatical and Jubilee (Yobel) Years

182. And for six years you are to sow your land, and shall gather its increase, but the seventh year you are to let it rest, and shall leave it, and the poor of your people shall eat. And what they leave, the beasts of the field eat. Do the same with your vineyard and your oliveyard. (To let the land lie fallow in the Sabbatical year) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:10-11

183. And Yahuah spoke to Mosheh on Mount Sanai, saying, Speak to the children of Yisra ‘el, and say to them, When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall observe a Sabbath to Yahuah. (To cease from tilling the land in the Sabbatical year) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:11 & Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:2

184. But in the seventh year the land is to have a Sabbath of rest, a Sabbath to Yahuah. Do not sow your field and do not prune your vineyard. (Not to till the ground in the Sabbatical year) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:4)

185. Do not reap what grows of its own of your harvest, and do not gather the grapes of your unpruned vine, for it is a year of rest for the land. (Not to reap the aftermath that grows in the Sabbatical year, in the same way as it is reaped in other years) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:5)

186. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Sabbatical year in the same way as it is gathered in other years (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:5)

187. You shall then sound a shofar-sound on the tenth day of the seventh new moon, on Yom haKippurim cause a shophar to sound through all your land. (To sound the Ram's horn in the Sabbatical year) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:9)

188. At the end of every seven years you make a release of debts. And this is the word of the release: Every creditor is to release what he has loaned to his neighbor, he does not require it of his neighbor or his brother, because it is called the release of Yahuah. (To release debts in the seventh year - not to demand return of a loan after the Sabbatical year has passed) (Debarim-Deut. 15:1-2


189. Be on guard lest there be a thought of Beliya ‘al in your heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release is near, and your eye is evil against your poor brother and you give him naught. And he shall cry out to Yahuah against you, and it shall be a sin in you. (Not to refrain from making a loan to a poor man, because of the release of loans in the Sabbatical year) (Debarim-Deut. 15:9

190. Assemble the people, the men and the women and the little ones, and your sojourner who is within your gates, so that they hear, and so that they learn to fear Yahuah your Elohim and guard to do all the Words of this Torah. (To assemble the people to hear the Torah at the close of the seventh year)  (Debarim-Deut. 31:12

191. And you shall count seven Sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years. And the time of the seven Sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years. (To count the years of the Jubilee by years and by cycles of seven years) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:8

192. And you shall set the fiftieth year apart, and proclaim release throughout all the land to all its inhabitants, it is a Yobel for you. And each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you return to his clan. (To keep the Jubilee(Yobel) year set-apart by resting and letting the land lie fallow) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:10)

193. The fiftieth year is a Yobel to you. Do not sow, nor reap what grows of its own, nor gather from its unpruned vine. (Not to cultivate the soil nor do any work on the trees, in the Jubilee (Yobel) Year) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:11

194. The fiftieth year is a Yobel to you. Do not sow, nor reap what grows of its own, nor gather from its unpruned vine. (Not to reap the aftermath of the field that grew of itself in the Jubilee (Yobel) Year, in the same way as in other years) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:11)  

195. The fiftieth year is a Yobel to you. Do not sow, nor reap what grows of its own, nor gather from its unpruned vine. (Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Jubilee (Yobel) Year, in the same way as in other years) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:11

196. And provide for a redemption for the land, in all the land of your possession. (To grant redemption to the land in the Jubilee (Yobel) year) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:24)

The Court and Judicial Procedure 

197. Appoint judges and officers within all your gates, which Yahuah your Elohim is giving you, according to your tribes. And they shall judge the people with righteous right-ruling. (To appoint judges and officers in every community of Yisra 'el )  (Debarim-Deut. 16:18


198. Do not show partiality in right-ruling, hear the small as well as the great. Do not be afraid of anyone’s face, for the right-ruling belongs to Elohim. And the case which is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I shall hear it. (Not to appoint as a judge, a person who is not well versed in the laws of the Torah, even if he is expert in other branches of knowledge) (Debarim-Deut. 1:17

199. And when you sell whatever to your neighbour or buy from the hand of your neighbour, do not exploit one another. (Cases of purchase and sale) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 25:14

200. For every matter of transgression, for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for garment, or for whatever is lost which another claims to be his, let the matter of them both come before Elohim. And whomever Elohim declares wrong repays double to his neighbour. (Shemoth-Ex. 22:9)

201.If it is torn to pieces, then let him bring it for evidence, he does not repay what was torn. And when a man borrows from his neighbour, and it is injured or dies while the owner of it is not present, he shall certainly repay. But of its owner was with it, he does not repay. If it was hired, he is entitled to the hire. (To adjudicate cases of loss for which a gratuitous borrower is liable) (Shemoth-Ex. 22:13-15

202. And speak to the children of Yisra ‘el, saying When a man dies and has no son, then you shall cause his inheritance to pass to his daughter. And if he has no daughter, then you shall give his inheritance to his brothers. And if he has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his father’s brothers. And if his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to the nearest relative in his clan, and he shall possess it. And it shall be to the children of Yisra ‘el a law of right-ruling, as Yahuah commanded Mosheh. (To adjudicate cases of inheritances) (Bemidbar-Num. 27:8-11

203. And when a man opens a pit, or if a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and anox or a donkey falls in it, the owner of the pit is to repay, he is to give silver to thewir owner, and the dead beast is his. (To judge cases of damage caused by an uncovered pit) (Shemoth-Ex.21:33-34

204. And when the ox of a man smites the ox of his neighbour and it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide the silver from it, and also divide the dead ox. Or if it was known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, and its owner has not kept it confined, he shall certainly repay ox for ox, while the dead beast is his. (To judge cases of injuries caused by beasts) (Shemoth-Ex. 21:35-36)

205. If the theft is indeed found alive in his hand, whether it is an ox or donkey or sheep, he repays double. (To adjudicate cases of damage caused by trespass of cattle) (Shemoth-Ex.22:4)

206. When a fire breaks out and spreads to thorn bushes, so that stacked grain, or standing grain, or the filed is consumed, he who kindled the fire shall certainly repay. (To adjudicate cases of damage caused by fire) (Shemoth-Ex. 22:5)

207. When a man gives silver or goods to his neighbor to guard, and it is stolen out of the man’s house, if the thief is found, he repays double. (To adjudicate cases of damage caused by a gratuitous depository) (Shemoth-Ex. 22:7)

208. If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought before Elohim to see whether he has put his hand into his neighbour’s goods. For every matter of transgression, for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for garment, or for whatever is lost which another claims to be his, let the matter of them both come before Elohim. And whomever Elohim declares wrong repays double to his neighbour. (To adjudicate other cases between a plaintiff and a defendant) (Shemoth-Ex. 22:8-9)

209. Do not revile an elohim, nor curse a ruler of your people. (Not to curse a judge) (Shemoth-Ex. 22:27

210. And when a being sins in that he has heard the voice of swearing, and is a witness, or has seen, or has known, but does not reveal it, he shall bear his crookedness. (That one who possesses evidence shall testify in Court) (Wayyiqra-Lev.5:1

211. Yor do not bear false witness against your neighbour. (Not to testify falsely) (Shemoth-Ex. 20:16

212. Whoever strikes a being, the murderer shall be executed by the mouth of witnesses, but one witness does not bear witness against someone to die. (That a witness, who has testified in a capital case, shall not lay down the law in that particular case) (Bemidbar-Num. 35:30

213. Do not bring a false report. Do not put your hand with the wrong to be a malicious witness. (That a transgressor shall not testify) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:1

214.Fathers are not put to death for their children, and children are not put to death for their fathers, each is to die for his own sin. (That the court shall not accept the testimony of a close relative of the defendant in matters of capital punishment) (Debarim-Deut. 24:16)

215. Do not bring a false report. Do not put your hand with the wrong to be a malicious witness. (Not to hear one of the parties to a suit in the absence of the other party) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:1

216. Then you shall inquire, search out, and ask diligently. And see if the matter is true and established that this abomination was done in your midst, you shall certainly strike the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, putting it under the ban, and all that is in it and its livestock, with the nedge of the sword. (To examine witnesses thoroughly) (Debarim-Deut. 13:14-15

217. One witness does not rise up against a man concerning any crookedness or any sin that he commits. At the mouth of two witnesses or at the mouth of three witnesses a matter is established. (Not to decide a case on the evidence of a single witness) (Debarim-Deut.19:15

218. Do not follow a crowd to do evil, nor bear witness in a strife so as to turn aside after many, to turn aside what is right. (To give the decision according to the majority, when there is a difference of opinion among the members of the Sanhedrin as to matters of law) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:2

219. Do not follow a crowd to do evil, nor bear witness in a strife so as to turn aside after many, to turn aside what is right. (Not to decide, in capital cases, according to the view of the majority, when those who are for condemnation exceed by one only, those who are for acquittal) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:2)

220. Do not follow a crowd to do evil, nor bear witness in a strife so as to turn aside after many, to turn aside what is right. (That, in capital cases, one who had argued for acquittal, shall not later on argue for condemnation) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:2

221. Do no unrighteousness in right-ruling. Do not be partial to the poor or favour the face of the great, but rightly rule your neighbor in righteousness. (To treat parties in a litigation with equal impartiality) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:15)

222. Do no unrighteousness in right-ruling. Do not be partial to the poor or favour the face of the great, but rightly rule your neighbor in righteousness. (Not to render iniquitous decisions) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:15

223. Do no unrighteousness in right-ruling. Do not be partial to the poor or favour the face of the great, but rightly rule your neighbor in righteousness. (Not to favor a great man when trying a case) (Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:15)

224. And do not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the seeing one and twists the words of the righteous. (Not to take a bribe) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:8

225. Do not show partiality in right-ruling, hear the small as well as the great. Do not be afraid of anyone’s face, for the right-ruling belongs to Elohim. And the case which is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I shall hear it. (Not to be afraid of a bad man, when trying a case) (Debarim-Deut. 1:17)

226. And do not favour a poor man in his strife. Do no unrighteousness in right-ruling. Do not be partial to the poor or favour the face of the great, but rightly rule your neighbor in righteousness. (Not to be moved in trying a case, by the poverty of one of the parties) (ShemothEx. 23:3; Wayyiqra-Lev. 19:15)

227. Do not twist the right-ruling of a stranger or the fatherless, nor take the garment of a widow. (Not to pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans) (Debarim-Deut.24:17

228. Do not turn aside the right-ruling of your poor in his strife. (Not to pervert the judgment of a sinner) (a person poor in fulfillment of commandments) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:6

229. Keep yourself far from a false matter, and do not kill the innocent and the righteous, for I do not declare the wrong right. (Not to render a decision on one's personal opinion, but only on the evidence of two witnesses, who saw what actually occurred) (Shemoth-Ex. 23:7

230. And they shall be cirties of refuge for you from the revenger, and the man-slayer is not to die until he stands before the congregation for right ruling. (Not to execute one guilty of a capital offense, before he has stood his trial) (Bemidbar-Num. 35:12)

231. Do according to the Torah in which they teach you, according to the right-ruling which they say to you. You do not turn to the right or to the left from the word which they declare to you. (To accept the rulings of every Supreme Court in Yisra ‘el) (Debarim-Deut.17:11
 
232. Do according to the Torah in which they teach you, according to the right-ruling which they say to you. You do not turn to the right or to the left from the word which they declare to you. (Not to rebel against the orders of the Court) (Debarim-Deut. 17:11)